According to the report, global inflation is projected to decline further, from an estimated 5.7% in 2023 to 3.9% in 2024.
The UN’s World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) report for 2024 projects slowdown in global growth from an estimated 2.7% in 2023 to 2.4% in 2024.
The flagship forecast launched in New York on Thursday indicates that 2023 stronger-than-expected GDP growth coming out of the COVID-19 pandemic masked short-term risks and structural vulnerabilities in the world economy.
The sombre short-term outlook is based on persistently high interest rates, further escalation of conflicts, sluggish international trade, and increasing climate disasters, which all pose significant challenges to global growth.
It points to a prolonged period of tighter credit conditions and higher borrowing costs, presenting strong headwinds for a world economy saddled with debt and in need of more investments to resuscitate growth, fight climate change and accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
“2024 must be the year when we break out of this quagmire.
“By unlocking big, bold investments we can drive sustainable development and climate action and put the global economy on a stronger growth path for all,” UN Secretary General, António Guterres, said.
“We must build on the progress made in the past year towards an SDG Stimulus of at least $500 billion per year in affordable long-term financing for investments in sustainable development and climate action.”
According to the report, global inflation is projected to decline further, from an estimated 5.7% in 2023 to 3.9% in 2024. It noted that price pressures are still elevated in many countries and any further escalation of geopolitical conflict will add to that.
In about a quarter of all developing countries, annual inflation is projected to exceed 10% in 2024, the report highlights. Since January 2021, consumer prices in developing economies have increased by a cumulative 21.1%, significantly eroding the economic gains made following the COVID-19 recovery.
“Persistently high inflation has further set back progress in poverty eradication, with especially severe impacts in the least developed countries,” Li Junhua, Head of the UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), said.
“It is absolutely imperative that we strengthen global cooperation and the multilateral trading system, reform development finance, address debt challenges and scale up climate financing to help vulnerable countries accelerate towards a path of sustainable and inclusive growth.”
The United States, the world’s largest economy, is expected to see a drop in GDP growth from 2.5% in 2023 to 1.4% in 2024. Consumer spending, a key driver of its economy, is likely to weaken due to various factors, including high interest rates and a softening labour market, the report says.
Meanwhile China, facing domestic and international headwinds, is projected to experience a moderate slowdown with growth estimated at 4.7% in 2024, down from 5.3 last year. Europe and Japan also face challenges with growth rates forecasted at 1.2% for both regions in 2024. However, the 2024 WESP report calls for urgent action to address these diverse challenges.
It emphasises the need for strengthened global cooperation, particularly in areas like climate action, sustainable development financing, and addressing the debt sustainability challenges of low and middle-income countries. Enhanced global cooperation is essential.